Dog Breeds: Suitability for India’s Climate and Lifestyle


-Deva Narayan

Dogs are some of the most universally loved species on Earth with compassion so profound that they have earned the title of Man’s best friend. They come in many different shapes and sizes, ranging from as small as a ball to as big as a bear. As they have so much variety among them, they also tend to have vastly different needs, that is to say, not every dog can withstand every environment.

One of the primary factors that should be considered when adopting or buying a puppy is how well their breeds are adapted to the surrounding environment. A cruel practice that exists within many Asian countries as of late, is the breeding of dogs with thick furs. Many Asian countries are located close to the equator and subsequently experience a very grueling summer, with temperatures reaching 40°C, excluding humidity. Dogs with thick layers of fur frequently suffer from heatstroke and pain while they remain in these temperatures. Therefore, it is essential to plan out the requirements for a breed depending on your location.

India is a country that is located close to the equator. While some states do have colder temperatures, most of the country lives in heat. Some of the breeds to be avoided in India are the Husky breed, Malamutes, and Samoyeds. Some other breeds that are not recommended to be raised in the Indian climate are dogs with short muzzles such as the Bulldog, Pug, and Shih Tzus. These breeds have trouble regulating their body temperature and may have breathing problems in the hot climate. Dogs such as the St. Bernard and the Great Dane are large dogs and can adapt to most climates, however, they require constant exercise and maintenance for their health and are not recommended for owners with smaller living spaces.

The stray dog, or the Indian Pariah Dog, is commonly associated with disease, violence, and lack of beauty but is by far the best dog breed to raise in India. They are strong, adaptive to many forms of weather, and low maintenance as well. They are also ferocious fighters and will strive to defend their master no matter what. They are attached to a stigma of evil as many stray dogs spread diseases but it does not extend to their entire breed. The Labrador breed is also very adjusted to the Indian climates and doesn’t require too much maintenance for good health. Golden retrievers are also a popular option, known for their friendliness and generally easy lifestyle.

Dachshunds are a smaller breed of dog, often called sausage dogs for their length and shape. They remain a good option for their thin coats of fur and homely nature. Indian Spitzes are a variation of Spitzes that are essentially larger forms of the Pomeranian but with thinner coats and more suited to the heat. All of these options are excellent for dog lovers who want a big breed, a small breed, or somewhere in between.

As humans, we’ve been equipped with many facilities to survive a wide range of temperatures and environments naturally and we have made up for our weaknesses by inventing ingenious methods to adapt. The same cannot be said for our furry friends so, it should be the priority of every animal lover to place their pet’s needs before their own want for a cute pet. Please be considerate of your breed’s capabilities before taking them to places that are ill-suited for them. I wish every dog lover luck in finding their own best friend.

Note: The viewpoints and stances articulated in the article are the author’s personal views and may not necessarily align with those of the edu news team.


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